Coronary Heart Disease Specialist

Dr. Alberto Chavira

Cardiologists located in San Marcos, CA

Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death and disability in the United States. But the right medical treatments and management can help you to protect your heart. In San Marcos, California, Dr. Alberto Chavira is an experienced cardiologist with a special interest in diagnosing and treating coronary heart disease. He focuses on a comprehensive treatment plan that includes both medical and whole-body care. Call Dr. Chavira or schedule your personal consultation online.

Coronary Heart Disease

What is coronary heart disease?

Coronary heart disease, also called coronary artery disease, occurs when the major blood vessels that supply your heart with oxygen, blood, and nutrients become diseased or damaged. Inflammation and deposits of cholesterol (plaque) can build up in your arteries, narrowing the arteries and decreasing blood flow to your heart.


A heart attack can also occur when the plaque and inflammation block the arteries completely.

Coronary heart disease often does not cause any symptoms. You might not be aware that you have a serious heart condition until you have a heart attack.


What are the symptoms of coronary heart disease?

As plaque continues to accumulate in your coronary arteries, you might experience signs and symptoms, such as chest pain (angina) or shortness of breath. However, in 60% of patients, there are no warning symptoms prior to a heart attack or sudden cardiac death.


In an artery, a complete blockage stops the blood flow to your heart muscle and causes a heart attack. The symptoms of a heart attack include a severe crushing pressure in your chest, chest pain, pain in your arm or shoulder that’s often accompanied by sweating and shortness of breath. However, in many cases, the symptoms are not specific. Some of these non-specific symptoms include new onset fatigue, shortness of breath, stomach pain, back pain, wrist pain, common cold symptoms, and/or shoulder pain. In 20% of patients, the patient has no symptoms. This is called a silent heart attack. These silent heart attacks are more dangerous than those heart attacks which cause symptoms.


What causes coronary heart disease?

The cause of coronary heart disease isn’t always clear and many factors can play a role, including:

  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Insulin resistance or diabetes.
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Aging
  • Family history
  • Obesity
  • High stress
  • Poor nutrition
  • Excessive alcohol consumption

Coronary heart disease is more prevalent in men; however, women are also at risk particularly following menopause. The risk of having a major life threatening heart problem is much higher than the risk of having breast cancer.

If you have an autoimmune disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, lupus, or other inflammatory rheumatologic condition, you have a heightened risk of developing coronary heart disease.


What are the treatments for coronary heart disease?

After thorough testing, Dr. Chavira creates a comprehensive personal treatment plan. In addition to medication and other interventions, Dr. Chavira educates you on how to live a healthier lifestyle and provides nutritional counseling and exercise guidance.

Dr. Chavira will also help you manage any conditions that contribute to coronary heart disease, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol. In addition to working with you to make necessary lifestyle changes, he will prescribe the appropriate medications.

He will also recommend that you stay physically active, quit smoking, and reduce and manage your stress.

In some cases, certain procedures such as an angioplasty or stent placement might be necessary to improve and restore blood flow. Dr. Chavira utilizes all other options before recommending surgery to treat heart conditions.

If you have questions about coronary heart disease, use the convenient online scheduling tool or call the office of Dr. Alberto Chavira today.

What is coronary heart disease?

Coronary heart disease, also called coronary artery disease, occurs when the major blood vessels that supply your heart with oxygen, blood, and nutrients become diseased or damaged. Inflammation and deposits of cholesterol (plaque) can build up in your arteries, narrowing the arteries and decreasing blood flow to your heart.

This decreased blood flow can cause chest pain (angina), shortness of breath, and other symptoms. A heart attack occurs when the plaque and inflammation block the arteries completely.

Since coronary heart disease usually develops over time, you might not notice an issue until you have a major blockage or a heart attack.


What are the symptoms of coronary heart disease?

As plaque continues to accumulate in your coronary arteries, you might experience signs and symptoms, such as chest pain (angina) or shortness of breath.

An artery blockage or heart attack stops the blood flow to your heart muscle and damages it. The symptoms of a heart attack include a severe crushing pressure in your chest and pain in your arm or shoulder that’s often accompanied by sweating and shortness of breath.


What causes coronary heart disease?

The cause of coronary heart disease isn’t always clear and many factors can play a role, including:


  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Insulin resistance or diabetes
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Aging
  • Family history
  • Obesity
  • High stress
  • Poor nutrition
  • Excessive alcohol consumption

Coronary heart disease is more prevalent in men; however, women are also at risk, particularly following menopause.

If you have an autoimmune disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, lupus, or other inflammatory rheumatologic condition, you have a heightened risk of developing coronary heart disease.


What are the treatments for coronary heart disease?

After thorough testing, Dr. Chavira creates a comprehensive personal treatment plan. In addition to medication and other interventions, Dr. Chavira educates you on how to live a healthier lifestyle and provides nutritional counseling and exercise guidance.

Dr. Chavira helps you manage any conditions that contribute to coronary heart disease, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol. In addition to working with you to make necessary lifestyle changes, he may also prescribe medications like cholesterol-modifying drugs, aspirin, beta blockers, and calcium channel blockers.

He will also recommend that you stay physically active, quit smoking, and reduce and manage your stress.

In some cases, certain procedures such as an angioplasty or stent placement might be necessary to improve and restore blood flow. Dr. Chavira utilizes all other options before recommending surgery to treat heart conditions.

If you have questions about coronary heart disease, use the convenient online scheduling tool or call the office today.